Sunday, January 15, 2012

Emergency Contraception Pill or "Morning after" pill

 Emergency contraception (birth control after sexual intercourse) is the use of a drug or device to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. Emergency contraceptive pills are sometimes called the “morning-after pill,” but they are usually effective if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse.  

Emergency contraceptive measures can be taken within the first 72 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse to reduce the possibility of pregnancy. A woman is most likely to become pregnant if sexual intercourse occurs in the few days before or after ovulation (release of an egg from the ovary). Emergency contraceptives should not be used as a contraceptive method in women who are sexually active or planning to become sexually active. They are not as effective as any ongoing contraceptive method.

Emergency contraception pills contain high doses of the same hormones that are in birth control pills. The high dose of hormones is short lived. Cases of deep vein thrombosis (blood clotting) have been reported in women using the emergency method. These pills are not designed to terminate an existing pregnancy.

Emergency contraception pills should only be taken with expert opinion. Cases of Uterine rupture have been reported in patients with inadvertent use.

Ref: Medscape
Dr Deepika Tiwari, Gynecologist, Gurgaon 9911821669

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